Underpinned by the modern system of research, development and innovative structures Mordovia State University is currently one of the largest science centres in Russia, conducting research in 28 fields of science.

The university is a recognised centre for training scientific and teaching staff: there are 14 doctoral dissertation boards in 27 specialisation areas. The graduate studies are available in 93 specialisation areas within 18 fields of science and the post-graduate (doctoral) studies in 18 specialisation areas within 10 fields. The university, like other 15 universities in Russia, offers a degree programme for applicants, wishing to occupy administrative posts in federal and regional government authorities in the country.

Mordovia State University strives to use a multi-channel fund-raising for research activity. The average annual funding allocated for the said activity has comprised 360 million rubles over the past three years. The university is a leader in a few federal and 20 regional scientific programmes, which allow to realise the full cycle of innovative research in creating scientific, technical and educational products. Like many other academic establishments Mordovia State University is seeking external financial support. In 2012 three applicants won Russian President’s Grants for Young Russian Scholars.

The university successfully integrates with leading research centres and scientific schools in Russia and abroad universities of UK, Germany, Hungary, US, Sweden, Finland and some other countries by implementing joint projects and programmes. One of the most internationalised field of research is Finno-ugric Philology/Linguistics. There is an Interregional Science Centre for Finno-Ugric Nations in the Volga Region that coordinates activities in this direction. There are 10 regional offices of public Russian and international academies of sciences at the University.

In 2012 Mordovia State University has planned to hold 70 international and Russian scientific conferences, schools and seminars. Leading research groups make an important contribution to the generation of new knowledge in natural science and humanities through publication of monographs, course books, teaching aids, proceedings of conferences, encyclopedias and other academic literature for students and high school leavers.

The university publishes 6 peer-reviewed federal journals. Among them are - "Integration of Education", "Regional studies", "Bulletin of Mordovia State University” and 1 international one named "Finno-Ugric World ".

Scientific and technological achievements of the university are annually exhibited locally and internationally and has been recently (for the last three years) recognised by 13 medals and 73 diplomas.

Developing the infrastructure of innovative research the University has to deal with objects of intellectual property. It currently holds 127 patents in the fields of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, power engineering, agriculture, biotechnology, medicine, etc.; there are over 40 applications for receiving industrial property rights, submitted annually to the Federal Institute of Industrial Property.

Up to 3 national academic Olympiads and competitions in various specialties are annually held for the undergraduate students by the faculties/institutes of the University. By the number of medals and diplomas, won by our students at the Russian Open Contest of Scientific Works in Natural Sciences and Humanities in 2011, Mordovia State University has taken on the leadership in the Volga Federal Region (the awards received in 17 fields of science).